Preprint highlights

We post our preprints at so look out for those.

Peer-reviewed Research Publications

Research papers and reviews 

Hiyamizu, S., Qiu, H., Vuolo, L., Stevenson, N.L., Shak, C., Heesom, K.J., Hamada, Y., Tsurumi, Y., Chiba, S., Katoh, Y., Stephens, D.J., and Nakayama, K. (2023) Multiple interactions of the dynein-2 complex with the IFT-B complex underlie its ciliary anterograde trafficking as an IFT cargo. Journal of Cell Science, jcs.260462

Shak, C., Vuolo, L., Uddin, B., Katoh, Y., Brown, T., Mukhopadhyay, A.G., Heesom, K., Roberts, A.J., Katoh, Y., Stevenson, N.L., Nakayama, K., Stephens, D.J. (2023) Disease-associated mutations in WDR34 lead to diverse impacts on the assembly and function of dynein-2. Journal of Cell Science. 136 (5): jcs260073

Hellicar, J., Stevenson, N.L., Stephens, D.J., and Lowe, M. (2022) Review: Supply chain logistics: the role of the Golgi complex in extracellular matrix production and maintenance.
Journal of Cell Science, 135(1):jcs258879. doi: 10.1242/jcs.258879

McCaughey, J., Stevenson, N.L., Mantell, J.M., Neal, C.R., Paterson, A., Heesom, K.J., and Stephens, D.J. (2021) A general role for MIA3/TANGO1 in secretory pathway organization and function. Journal of Cell Science, jcs.259075. doi: 10.1242/jcs.259075.

Stevenson, N.L., Bergen D.J.M., Lu, Y., Prada-Sanchez, M.E., Kadler, K.E., Hammond C.L., and Stephens, D.J. (2021) Giantin is required for intracellular processing of type I procollagen. Journal of Cell Biology, 220 (6): e202005166. doi:

Vuolo, L., Stevenson, N.L., Mukhopadhyay, A.G., Roberts, A.J., and Stephens, D.J. (2020) Cytoplasmic dynein-2 at-a-glance. Journal of Cell Science, 133: jcs240614. doi: 10.1242/jcs.240614.

McCaughey, J. and Stephens, D.J. (2019) ER-to-Golgi transport: a sizeable problem. Trends in Cell Biology, 29, 940-953.

Gerondopoulos, A., Strutt, H., Stevenson. N.L., Sobajima, T., Levine, T., Stephens, D.J., Strutt, D., and Barr, F.A. (2019) Inturned and Fuzzy form a Rab23 GEF complex required for cilium formation. Current Biology, 29, 1-8.

Balasubramanian, M., Hobson, E., Skae, M., McCaughey, J. and Stephens, D.J. (2019) Developing pathways to clarify pathogenicity of unclassified variants in Osteogenesis Imperfecta genetic analysis. Molecular Genetics and Genomic Medicine, e912. doi: 10.1002/mgg3.912

McCaughey, J., Stevenson, N.L., Cross, S., and Stephens, D.J. (2019) ER-to-Golgi trafficking of procollagen in the absence of large carriers. Journal of Cell Biology, 218, 929-948. DOI

Vuolo, L., Stevenson, N.L., Heesom, K., and Stephens, D.J. (2018) Dynein-2 intermediate chains play crucial but distinct roles in primary cilia formation and function. eLife 2018;7:e39655 DOI: 10.7554/eLife.39655

McCaughey, J. and Stephens, D.J. (2018) Review: COPII-dependent ER export in animal cells: adaptation and control for diverse cargo. Histochemistry and Cell Biology, 150, 119-131. doi: 10.1007/s00418-018-1689-2

Stevenson N.L., Bergen D.J.M., Xu, A., Wyatt, E., Henry, F., McCaughey, J., Vuolo, L., Hammond C.L., and Stephens D.J. (2018) Regulator of calcineurin-2 is a centriolar protein with a role in cilia length control. Journal of Cell Science, 131, jcs212258. doi: 10.1242/jcs.212258. Also available as: bioRxiv 188946; doi:

Balasubramanian, M., Padidela, R., Pollitt, R.C., Bishop, N.J., Offiah, A.C., Wagner, B.E., McCaughey, J., and Stephens, D.J. (2017) P4HB recurrent missense mutation causing Cole-Carpenter syndrome. Journal of Medical Genetics 55, 158-165. doi: 10.1136/jmedgenet-2017-104899

Stevenson, N.L., Bergen D.J.M., Skinner R. J., Kague, E., Martin-Silverstone, E., Robson Brown K, Hammond C.L., and Stephens D.J. (2017). Giantin knockout models reveal a feedback loop between Golgi function and glycosyltransferase expression. Journal of Cell Science, 130, 4132-4143. doi:10.1242/jcs.212308. Also available as: bioRxiv, doi:10.1101/123547.

Evans, A.J., Gurung, S., Wilkinson, K.A., Stephens, D.J., and Henley, J.M. (2017) The assembly, secretory pathway trafficking and surface delivery of kainate receptors is activity-dependently regulated. Cell Reports 19, 2613–2626.

Bergen, D. J., Stevenson, N. L., Skinner, R. J., Stephens, D. J. & Hammond, C. L. (2017) The Golgi matrix protein giantin is required for normal cilia function in zebrafish. Biology Open doi: 10.1242/bio.025502 (Also as a preprint: bioRxiv,

McCaughey, J., Miller, V.J., Stevenson, N.L., Brown,  A.K., Budnik, A., Heesom,  K.J., Alibhai, D., and Stephens, D.J. (2016) TFG promotes organization of transitional ER and efficient collagen secretion. Cell Reports, 15, 1648–1659. doi:

Boal, F. Hodgson, L.R., Reed, S.E., Yarwood, S.E., Just, V.J., Stephens, D.J., McCaffrey, M.W., and Tavaré, J.M. (2015) Insulin promotes Rip11 accumulation at the plasma membrane by inhibiting a dynamin- and PI3-kinase-dependent, but Akt-independent, internalisation event. Cellular Signalling, in press. doi:10.1016/j.cellsig.2015.10.014

Asante, D., Stevenson, N.L., and Stephens, D.J. (2014) Subunit composition of the human cytoplasmic dynein-2 motor. Journal of Cell Science, 127, 4774-4787. doi: 10.1242/jcs.159038

Miller, V.J. and Stephens, D.J. (2014) Artificially inducing close apposition of endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondria induces mitochondrial fragmentation. Manuscript submitted. Preprint available on BiorXix.

Bonavita, R., Walas, D., Townley, A.K., Luini, A., Stephens, D.J., and Colanzi, A. (2014) CEP126 is required for pericentriolar satellite localisation to the centrosome and for primary cilium formation. Biology of the Cell, 106(8):254-67. DOI: 10.1111/boc.201300087

Townley, A.K., Hunt, S.D., and Stephens, D.J. (2014) Opposing microtubule motors control motility, morphology, and cargo segregation during ER-to-Golgi transport. Biology Open, 3, 307-313  doi: 10.1242/bio.20147633

Fryer, L.G.D., Jones, B., Duncan, E.J., Hutchison, C.E., Ozkan, T., Williams, P.A., Alder, O., Nieuworp, M., Townley, A.K., Mensenkamp, A.R., Stephens, D.J., Dallinga-Thie G.M., and Shoulders, C.C (2013) The Endoplasmic Reticulum COPII-Vesicle Transport Machinery Coordinates Cellular Lipid Secretion and Cholesterol Biosynthesis. Journal of  Biological. Chemistry, 289(7):4244-61.  doi: 10.1074/jbc.M113.479980

Miller V.J., McKinnon C.M., Mellor H., Stephens D.J. (2013) RNA interference approaches to examine Golgi function in animal cell culture. Methods in Cell Biology 118:15-34. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-417164-0.00002-1.

Asante, D., MacCarthy-Morrogh, L., Townley, A.K., Weiss, M.A., Katayama, K., Palmer, K.J., Suzuki, H., Westlake, C., and Stephens, D.J. (2013) A role for the Golgi matrix protein giantin in ciliogenesis through control of the localization of dynein-2. Journal of Cell Science. doi: 10.1242/jcs.131664.

Midgley R., Moffat K., Berryman S., Hawes P., Simpson J., Fullen D., Stephens D.J., Burman A., Jackson T. (2013) A role for endoplasmic reticulum exit sites (ERES) in foot-and-mouth disease virus infection.  Journal of General Virology doi: 10.1099/vir.0.055442-0.

Satchwell, T.J., Pellegrin, S., Bianchi, P., Hawley, B.R., Gampel, A., Mordue, K.E., Budnik, A., Fermo, E., Barcellini, W., Stephens D.J., van den Akker, E., Toye, A.M. (2013) Characteristic phenotypes associated with Congenital Dyserythropoietic Anemia (Type II) manifest at different stages of erythropoiesis. Haematologica  doi: 10.3324/haematol.2013.085522

Hunt, S.D., Townley, A.K., Danson, C.M., Cullen, P.J. and Stephens D.J. (2013) Microtubule motors mediate endosomal sorting by maintaining functional domain organization.  Journal of Cell Science. 126, 2493-2501. doi: 10.1242/jcs.122317.

Miller, V.J. and Stephens D.J. (2013) Membrane contact sites: An interesting species, an interesting mix. EMBO reports. 14, 396-7. doi:10.1038/embor.2013.43.

Schmidt, K., Cavodeassi, F., Feng, Y., and Stephens, D.J. (2013) Early stages of retinal development depend on Sec13 function.  Biology Open 2, 256–266. doi:10.1242/bio.20133251

Stephens, D.J. (2012) Functional coupling of microtubules to membranes: implications for membrane structure and dynamics. Journal of Cell Science. Invited review. doi: 10.1242/jcs.097675.

Stephens, D.J. (2012) News & Views “Cell Biology: Collagen secretion explained”. Nature 482, 474–475. doi:10.1038/482474a.

Townley, A.K., Schmidt, K, Hodgson, L., and Stephens, D.J. (2012) Cell autonomous COPII-dependent secretion is required for epithelial differentiation and cyst lumen expansion. Journal of Cell Science 125, 673-684. doi: 10.1242/jcs.091355

Hunt, S.D. and Stephens, D.J. (2011) The role of motor proteins in endosomal sorting. Invited Review. Biochemical Society Transactions 39, 1179-1184.

Budnik, A. and Stephens, D.J. (2011) Characterization of human Sec16B: indications of specialized, non-redundant functions. Scientific Reports 1, 77.

Palmer, K.J., MacCarthy-Morrogh, L., Smyllie, N., and Stephens, D.J. (2011) A role for Tctex-1 (DYNLT1) in controlling primary cilium length. European Journal of Cell Biologydoi:10.1016/j.ejcb.2011.05.003
Final published version at EJCB/Science Direct:

Schmidt, K.J. and Stephens, D.J. (2010) Cargo loading at the ER. Invited review. Molecular Membrane Biology 27, 398-411.

Boal, F., Guetzoyan, L., Sessions, R.B., Spooner, R.A., Lord, J.M., Clarkson, G.J., Roberts, L.M., and Stephens, D.J. (2010) LG186: an inhibitor of GBF1 function that causes Golgi disassembly in human and canine cells. Traffic, 11, 1537-51.

Hughes, H. and Stephens, D.J. (2010) Sec16 defines the initiation site for vesicle budding from the endoplasmic reticulum on exit from mitosis. Journal of Cell Science, 123, 4032-8.

Guetzoyan, L., Spooner, R., Boal, F., Stephens, D.J., Lord, J.M., Roberts, L.M., Clarkson, G.J. (2010) Fine tuning Exo2, a small molecule inhibitor of secretion and retrograde trafficking pathways in mammalian cells. Molecular BioSystems, DOI: 10.1039/c0mb00035c.

Boal, F. and Stephens, D.J. (2010) Specific functions of BIG1, and BIG2 in endomembrane organization. PLoS One 5(3), e9898

Budnik, A., and Stephens, D.J. (2009) Export of secretory cargo from the ER. FEBS Letters. Invited review. Special Issue – “The Golgi”. FEBS Letters 583, 3796-3803 doi:10.1016/j.febslet.2009.10.038.

Stephens, D.J. (2009) Editorial:Imaging in cell and developmental biology. Seminars in Cell and Developmental Biology, Guest editor. doi:10.1016/j.semcdb.2009.09.003.

Townley, A.K., and Stephens, D.J. (2009) Vesicle coating and uncoating – controlling the formation of large COPII-coated carriers. Invited review. F1000 Biology Reports. 1, 65.

Hughes, H., Budnik, A., Schmidt, K.J., Johnson, A., Noakes, C., Carter, D.A., Verkade, P., Watson, P., and Stephens, D.J. (2009) Organization of human endoplasmic reticulum exit sites: requirements for the localization of Sec16 to transitional ER. Journal of Cell Science, 122, 2924-2934.

Wassmer, T., Attar, N., Harterink, M., van Weering, J.R.T., Traer, C.J., Oakley, J., Goud, B., Stephens, D.J., Verkade, P., Korswagen, H.C., and Cullen, P.J. (2009) Endosomal sorting by retromer is coupled to the molecular motor subunit dynactin 1 and requires the putative Golgi tether Rab6IP1. Developmental Cell, 17, 110-122.

Palmer, K.J., Hughes, H., and Stephens, D.J. (2009) Specificity of cytoplasmic dynein subunits in discrete membrane trafficking events. Molecular Biology of the Cell 20, 2885-2899.

Townley, A.K., Feng, Y., Schmidt, K., Carter, D.A., R. Porter, Verkade, P., and Stephens, D.J. (2008) Efficient coupling of Sec23-Sec24 to Sec13-Sec31 drives COPII-dependent collagen secretion and is essential for normal craniofacial development. Journal of Cell Science 121, 3025-34. 

Gupta, V., Palmer, K.J., Spence, P., Hudson, A., and Stephens, D.J. (2008) Kinesin-1 (uKHC/KIF5B) is required for bidirectional motility of ER exit sites and efficient ER-to-Golgi transport. Traffic, 9, 1850-1866.

Spence, P., Gupta, V., Stephens, D.J. and Hudson, A. (2008) Optimizing the precision for localizing fluorescent proteins in living cells by 2D Gaussian fitting of digital images: Application to COPII-coated endoplasmic reticulum exit sites. European Biophysics Journal, 37, 1335-49.

Spooner, R.A., Watson, P., Smith, D.C., Boal, F., Amessou, M., Johannes, L., Clarkson, G., Lord, J.M., Stephens, D.J., and Roberts, L.M. (2008) The brefeldin A-like inhibitor Exo2 perturbs trafficking between endosomes and the trans-Golgi network. Biochemical Journal, 41, 471-84.

Wakana, Y., Takai, S., Nakajima, K., Tani, K., Yamamoto, A., Watson, P., Stephens, D.J., Hauri, H.-P. and Tagaya, M. (2008) Bap31 is an itinerant protein that moves between the peripheral ER and a juxtanuclear compartment related to ER-associated degradation. Molecular Biology of the Cell, 19, 1825-1836.

Hughes, H. and Stephens, D.J. (2008) Assembly, organization and function of the COPII coat. Histochemistry and Cell Biology, 129, 129-151.

Traer, C.J., Rutherford, A.C., Palmer, K.J., Wassmer, T., Oakley, J., Attar, N., Carlton, J.G., Kremerskothen, J., Stephens, D.J. and Cullen, P.J. (2007). Sorting nexin-4 co-ordinates endosomal sorting of transferrin receptor with dynein-mediated transport into the endocytic recycling compartment. Nature Cell Biology, 9, 1370-1380.

Haas, A.K., Yoshimura, S., Stephens, D.J., Preisinger, C., Fuchs, E. and Barr, F.A. (2007) Analysis of GTPase-activating proteins reveals that Rab1 and Rab43 are key Rabs required for the maintenance of a functional Golgi in human cells. Journal of Cell Science, 120, 2997-3010.

Arasaki, K., Tani, K., Yoshimori, T., Stephens, D.J. and Tagaya, M. (2007) Nordihydroguaiaretic Acid Affects Multiple Dynein-dynactin Functions in Interphase and Mitotic Cells.Molecular Pharmacology, 71 454-460.

Watson, P., Townley, A.K., Koka, P., Palmer, K.J., and Stephens, D.J. (2006) Sec16 defines ER exit sites and is required for secretory cargo export in mammalian cells. Traffic, 7 (12) 1678-1687.

Watson, P. and Stephens, D.J. (2006) Microtubule plus-end loading of p150Glued is mediated by EB1 and CLIP-170 but is not required for intracellular membrane traffic in mammalian cells. Journal of Cell Science, 119 2758-2767.

Forster, R., Weiss, M., Zimmermann, T., Reynaud, E.G., Stephens , D.J. and Pepperkok, R. (2006) Secretory cargo regulates the turnover of COPII subunits at single ER-exit sites.Current Biology16 (2) 173-179.

Minogue, S., Waugh, M.G., De Matteis, M.A., Stephens, D.J. , Berditchevski, F., and Hsuan, J.J. (2006) Phosphatidylinositol-4-kinase is required for the endosomal trafficking and degradation of the EGF receptor. Journal of Cell Science 119 (3) 571-581.

Palmer, K.J., Konkel, J.E. and Stephens , D.J. (2005) PCTAIRE protein kinases interact directly with the COPII complex and modulate secretory cargo transport. Journal of Cell Science, 118 (17) 3839-3847.

Watson, P., Forster, R., Palmer, K.J., Pepperkok, R, and Stephens , D.J. (2005) Coupling of ER exit to microtubules through direct interaction of COPII with dynactin. Nature Cell Biology , 7 (1) 48-55.
Highlighted by the Faculty of 1000 as a “Must read” paper.

Watson, P., Jones, A.T. and Stephens , D.J. (2005) Intracellular trafficking pathways and drug delivery: Fluorescence imaging of living and fixed cells. Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews57, 43-61. (Invited review).

Gumbleton, M. and Stephens , D.J. (2005) Coming out of the dark: The evolving role of fluorescence imaging in drug delivery research. Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews 57, 5-15 (Invited review).

Stephens , D.J. and Pepperkok, R. (2004) Differential requirements for efficient GTP hydrolysis by Sar1p direct selective export of cargo from the endoplasmic reticulum. Journal of Cell Science, 117, 3635-3644.

Shoulders, C.C., Stephens, D.J. and Jones, B. (2004) The Intracellular Transport of Chylomicrons requires the Small GTPase Sar1b. Current Opinion in Lipidology 15, 191-197 (Invited review).

Palmer, K.J. and Stephens, D.J. (2004) Biogenesis of ER-to-Golgi transport carriers: complex roles of COPII in ER export . Trends in Cell Biology 14, 57-61. (Invited review).

Stephens, D.J. and Allan, V.J. (2003) Light microscopy techniques for live cell imaging. Science 300, 82-86. (Invited review).

Stephens . D.J. (2003) De novo formation, fusion and fission of COPII coated ER exit sites in mammalian cells. EMBO reports 4, 210-217. Highlighted by the Faculty of 1000 as a “Must read” paper.

Wakefield , J.G., Stephens , D.J. and Tavaré, J.M. (2003) A role for glycogen synthase kinase-3 in mitotic spindle dynamics and chromosome alignment. J. Cell Science 116, 637-646.
Highlighted by the Faculty of 1000 as a “Must read” paper.

Rous, B.A., Reaves, B.J., Ihrke, G., Briggs, J.A.G., Gray, S.R., Stephens, D.J., Banting, G. and Luzio, J.P. (2002) The role of the adaptor complex AP-3 in targeting wild type and mutated CD63/LIMP-1 to lysosomes. Mol. Biol. Cell 13, 1071-1082. Highlighted by the Faculty of 1000 as a “Must read” paper.

Stephens, D.J. and Pepperkok, R. (2002) Imaging of procollagen transport reveals COPI- dependent cargo sorting during ER-to-Golgi transport in mammalian cells. J. Cell Science 115, 1149-1160.

Stephens, D.J. and Pepperkok, R.(2001) Perspectives: The many ways to cross the plasma membrane.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98, 4295-4298. (Invited review).

Stephens, D.J. and Pepperkok, R.(2001) Illuminating The Secretory Pathway: When Do We Need Vesicles?
J. Cell Science 114, 1053-1059. (Invited review).

Blum, R., Stephens, D.J. and Schultz, I. (2000) Lumenal targeted GFP used as a marker of soluble cargo, visualises rapid ERGIC to Golgi traffic by a tubulo-vesicular network. J. Cell Science 113, 3151-3159.

Stephens, D.J., Lin-Marq, N., Pagano, A., Pepperkok, R. and Paccaud, J.-P. (2000) COPI coated ER-to-Golgi transport complexes segregate from COPII in close proximity to ER exit sites. J. Cell Science 113, 2177-2185.

Stephens D.J. and Banting, G. ( 2000 ) Application of the two-hybrid system to the study of membrane traffic. Traffic 1, 763-768 (Invited review).

Stephens, D.J. and Banting, G. (2000 ) In vivo dynamics of the F-actin binding protein, neurabin-II.
Biochem. J. 345, 185-194.

Stephens, D.J. and Banting, G. (1999) Direct interaction of the type-I transmembrane glycoprotein, TGN38, with the F-actin binding protein, neurabin. J. Biol. Chem. 274, (42) 30080-30087.

Frears, E.R., Stephens, D.J., Walters, C.E., Davies, H., and Austen, B.M. (1999). The role of cholesterol in the biosynthesis of b-amyloid. Neuroreport 10, (8) 1699-1705.

Stephens, D.J. and Banting, G. (1998) Specificity of interaction between adaptor complex medium chains and the tyrosine-based sorting motifs of TGN38 and lgp120. Biochem. J. 335, 567-572.

Crump, C.M., Williams, J.L., Stephens, D.J. and Banting G. (1998). Inhibition of the interaction between tyrosine-based sorting motifs and the medium chain subunit of the AP2 adaptor complex by specific tyrphostins. J. Biol. Chem. 273, 28073-28077.

Stephens D.J. and Austen B.M. (1998) Review: Characterization of b-secretase. Biochem. Soc. Trans. 26, 500-4.

Stephens, D.J. and Banting, G. (1997). Insulin-dependent tyrosine phosphorylation of TGN38 creates a specific SH2 domain binding site. FEBS Letts.416, 27-29.

Stephens, D.J., Crump, C.M., Clarke, A.R. and Banting, G. (1997). Serine-331 and Tyrosine-333 are both involved in the interaction between the cytosolic domain of TGN38 and the m2 subunit of the AP2 clathrin adaptor complex. J. Biol. Chem. 272, 14104-14109.

Stephens, D.J. and Austen, B.M. (1996). b-amyloidogenic fragments of the Alzheimer’s b -amyloid precursor protein accumulate in the trans-Golgi network and/or late endosome in 293 cells. J.Neurosci. Res.46, 211-225.

Stephens, D.J. (1995) Review; Apolipoprotein E and Alzheimer’s Disease. J. Royal Soc. Health 116, 41-43. (Invited review).

Books, book chapters and other publications

Stephens, D.J. and Perez, F. (2013) Analysis of Golgi Complex Functions: Methods in Cell Biology. Elsevier, London.

Miller, V.J., MacKinnon, C., Mellor, H., and Stephens, D.J. (2013) RNAi for the analysis of Golgi function. In, Analysis of Golgi Complex Functions: Methods in Cell Biology. Elsevier, London. Eds. Stephens, D.J. and Perez, F.

Stephens, D.J. (2006) An introduction to Cell Imaging. In: Cell Imaging: Method Express. (Ed. Stephens, D.J.) Scion Publishing, Bloxham, UK.

Palmer, K.J., Watson, P. and Stephens , D.J. (2005) The role of microtubules in transport between the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus. Biochemical Society Symposia 72, 1-13. (Invited review).

Curnow, P., Mellor, H, Stephens , D.J. and Booth, P.J. (2005) Translocation of the Tat(48-60) peptide across artificial bilayers. Biochemical Society Symposia 72, in press. (Invited review).

Watson, P. Palmer, K.J. and Stephens , D.J. (2005) Immunofluorescence labelling and fluorescent dyes. In, Encyclopaedia of Genetics, Genomics, Proteomics and Bioinformatics. (Eds. Tavaré, J. and Dunn, M.), John Wiley and Sons, London .

Kowalczyk, A.M., Roeder, G.E., Green, K., Stephens, D.J. and Gaston, K. (2005) Measuring the induction or inhibition of apoptosis by HPV proteins. In,Methods in Molecular Biology; Humana Press, Totowa , USA . (Ed. Brady, H.J.M.), Humana Press, Totowa , USA.

Zimmerman, T., Pepperkok, R., Stephens, D., Girod, A. and Rietdorf, J. (2003) Basic Light Microscopy. In, Essential Cell Biology: A Practical Approach. (Ed. J. Davey and J.M. Lord), OUP, London. Available on

Austen, B. and Stephens, D. (1995) Protein Targeting. In, Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, a Comprehensive Desk Reference. (Ed. RA Meyers), VCH Publishers, Cambridge ; pp 774-8.

Stephens, D ., Kulkarni, S. and Austen B. (1995) The Biosynthesis of Membrane Proteins.
In, Biomembranes Vol. 1 (Ed. Lee, A.G.), JAI Press, Connecticut ; pp107-135.

Stephens, D., Kulkarni, S. and Austen, B. (1994) Assembly of Membrane Proteins and their Movement to the Cell Surface. In, Animal Cell Biotechnology, Vol. 6 (Eds. Spier, R.E. and Griffiths , J.B.), Academic Press, London ; pp 24-47.

Stephens, D.J. (2003) Bristol and the organisation of the secretory pathway. Olympus Objectives Autumn 2003.

Stephens, D.J. (2003) Live cell imaging. The Biochemist vol. 25 no.3, pp15-17.

Stephens, D.J. and Pepperkok, R. (2001) Time lapse movies included in GFP In Motion II, a CD-ROM published with Trends in Cell Biology vol. 11(5).

Stephens, D. (2000-2002) “In Brief” articles for Trends in Cell Biology.

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